ADHD is a disorder that hinders one person's attention as well as the control of their impulsive behaviour. This might happen to both women and men, young or adults.
Each person distinguishes due to a different set of symptoms that doctors use to diagnose the condition or affection. Symptomatic criteria oscillates among mild and severe and they might start to appear from 7 years on.
Hyperactivity tends to improve with growth but lack of attention and organization, as well as insufficient impulse control can continuee during the person's whole life.
There are three types of ADHD:
- mainly inattentive (ADD)
- a mix
Factors that might contribute to the appearance of ADHD:
- genes interaction
- tobacco use, alcohol or drugs consumption during pregnancy
- low birth weight
- brain injuries
How ADHD is diagnosed
There is no specific test, but it should include:
- examination by an expert doctor to rule out other causes and/or comorbidites
- collection of information, for example, any current medical problem, personal/family medical history and school records
- interviews or questionnaires for family, teachers, caregivers, babysitters and coaches
- criteria for ADHD (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, DSM-5)
- ADHD psychological scales to help collect and evaluate information about the child (Conners' Scale)
Diagnosis based on Magnetic Resonance (MR) with help of deep learning could be the key to implement early interventions for patients with ADHD.
Disorders that maybe similat to ADHD
There are some medical affections whose treatments may cause signs and symptoms similar to ADHD's symptoms. For instance:
- learning and language problems
- mood disorders, Depression or Anxiety
- vision or hearing problems
- Austism Spectrum Disorder
- Brain Injury
ADHD standard treatments for children include psychostimulant medications, behavioural therapy, counseling and educational services. These treatments an relieve many of the symtoms but do not cute it. It may take time to determine what works best for your child.
Deep Trancranial Magnetic Stimulation (dTMS)
As a result of a recent study with 75 patients (18 to 65 years of age) carried out at the Medical Centre Sourasky (Tel Aviv, Israel), directed by Dr. Maya Bleich-Cohen [www.fiercebiotech.com › medtech; 20 feb. 2020] shows that dTMS is effective to modulate the right Prefrontal Cortex to improve attention symptoms of ADHD.
According to the study, Magnetic Resonance Images showed greater activity after dTMS treatment in the right frontal region, silenced by ADHD.
This non-invasive treatment with coils, called H-coils has been approved by the European Medicine Agency (EMA) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in USA for Depression disorders (2013) and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (2018).
NEUROCAVIS treats and investigates neurological diseases and psychiatric disorders. Sixteen years of experience guarantee our actions, being the only national center that has dTMS devices. ADHD requires 15 treatment sessions, one daily during 5 days over three weeks and another biweekly session for two months.